Why have Shi’ite scholars quoted some narrations signifying distortion of the Quran?
Answer: Some people accused Shi’ite of distorting Quran intentionally or unintentionally and they say that if Shia do not believe in it, why their scholars quoted some narrations which seemingly signify distortion of Quran, we can say in reply to this great and baseless accusation that: anyone should consider that there is a fundamental difference between the narrative books and essential and ideological books; narrative sources, such as Sahih Bukhari includes all good, reliable and weak narrations and collecting narrations never proves that the author believes in whatever he collected, because believing in the explanation of narrations depends on four conditions which are as follows:
A- The document of narration must be correct.
B- The explanation of narration should totally signify its meaning.
C- There should not be any opponent of the narration.
D- The content of the narration should be narrated in such a way that people can rely on the single individual narration and believe in it.
If a narration includes these four conditions, we can say that its narrator believes in it, otherwise narrating and collecting the narrations do not mean that the narrator believes in the narration.
Therefore, if Shi’ite scholars have quoted some narrations in their books which signify distortion of Quran, some matters should be considered:
First: the authenticity of the document of the narration should be considered.
Second: It should be clear whether the explanation of the narration is complete and enough for distorting Quran or not.
Third: it should be clear whether the mentioned narration has any opponent or not, that is, there are some narrations which signify that Holy Quran has not been distorted, therefore these narrations are against of those narrations which are about distortion of the Holy Quran.
Fourth: The narration should be from narrations proved by the single individual narration, distortion of the Quran is a very important matter which cannot be proved by single individual narration, but it should be proved by reliable reasons such as a unanimous assertion (Mutawatir) or another reliable reason.
This claim that there was a verse by the name of Wilayat verse in the Quran and dissenters have omitted it, is very important and is not proved by a single individual narration. The matter of more or less in the Holy Quran is from essential and ideological matters which should be proved by reliable reasons, not by a single individual narration and the like.
There are some narrations which have been quoted in our narrative sources, God forbidden, these narrations signify that God has a flesh and can be seen by natural eyes, but Shi’ites believe that God has no flesh and He never can be seen in this world and the next world.
Therefore, quoting just one or few narrations does not signify that the narrator believes in the narration.
In addition, some of the narrators have quoted some narrations about distortion of Quran without remarking on them, such as Shaikh Saduq who states in the book ‘Itiqadat Imamiyah that: “if anyone who accuses us of distorting Quran, is a liar”.(1) Shaikh Tusi and Fayz Kashani have also denied distorting Quran in the books Tibyan and Wafi.(2) www.shafaqna.com/English
1. Al-‘Itiqadat fi Din al-Imamiyah, p. 59.
2. Tahiri Khurram Abadi, the absence of distortion in Quran, pp. 45-47